A clause in a lease agreement giving the landlord or tenant or both the right, under specified circumstances, to terminate the agreement, before its normal end date.

A break clause is inserted into the tenancy agreement to allow either party to end the lease early, without financial penalty. It means that the landlord or the tenant can give notice to end the tenancy at any time after the date stated in the contract, but this cannot be within the first six months of the lease unless both parties agree.

A break clause is also a useful safety net in case your circumstances suddenly change and you need to sell your rental property quickly, or, if you’re renting out your home, if you need to move back in. It will allow you to get out of the lease without being forced to pay the tenant compensation.

However, break clauses can cause confusion, with tenants and sometimes landlords not sure exactly when and how notice should be served, so it’s important to make sure the wording in the contract is clear.

If a landlord wishes to break a contact they are required under the Housing Act 1988 to give the tenant at least two months’ written notice so it seems sensible for landlords to require a tenant to do the same, but this must be stated in the contract otherwise they might assume the notice period is only one month.

Some contracts state that the notice period must end on the last day of the rental period, so if the rent is due on the 2nd of each month, the notice must expire on the 1st. This is always the case if the tenant is on a periodic rather than a fixed-term contract.

If you want the option to repossess your property at the end of the first six months, the lease must state that the earliest the statutory two-month notice period can begin is at the end of the fourth month, otherwise tenants might assume that it can’t start until the end of the sixth.

Some landlords don’t include a break clause to prevent tenants from leaving early, but we think it’s better to risk losing a good tenant than to get stuck with a bad one. After all, a happy tenant is unlikely to leave without good reason and who wants to force someone to stay in a property against their will?

If you use Upad's Tenant Signup Service, our ARLA Propertymark-qualified landlord team will help put together the perfect assured shorthold tenancy agreement, including break clauses if you'd like them to be included in there.